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Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Curriculum


Early Years & Foundation Stage Learning and Development

There are seven areas of learning and development which shape educational programmes in early years settings.

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Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These three areas, the prime areas, are:

· communication and language;

· physical development;

· personal, social and emotional development.

Our reception children are also supported in four specific areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied. The specific areas are:

· literacy;

· mathematics;

· understanding the world;

· expressive arts and design.

There are no set plans for the foundation stage as topics are planned to meet the interests of individual pupils and the class; objectives are set according to on-going assessment linked to the early learning goals.

Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.

Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

We use the 'Development Matters in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)' and 'Early Years Outcomes' to track progress and plan next steps. Both of these documents can be found at the foot of the page.


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