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Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Curriculum


Early Years & Foundation Stage Learning and Development

There are seven areas of learning and development which shape educational programmes in early years settings.

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There are no set plans for the foundation stage as topics are planned to meet the interests of individual pupils and the class; objectives are set according to on-going assessment linked to the early learning goals.

Communication and language development:

The development of children’s spoken language underpins all seven areas of learning development. It involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities. They will learn how to look after their bodies, including healthy eating, and manage personal needs independently.

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their core strength, stability, balance, spatial awareness, coordination and agility. Gross motor skills provide the foundation for developing healthy bodies and social and emotional wellbeing. Fine motor control and precision helps with hand eye coordination which is later linked to early literacy.

Literacy development involves Reading and Writing. Reading consists of two dimensions: language comprehension and word reading. Language comprehension is developed when adults talk with children about the world around them and the books they read with them and the rhymes, poems and songs that they share together. Skilled word reading is taught through daily phonic activities, learning letters by saying their sound and blending sounds into words so they can read short words. Writing involves spelling and handwriting, as well as articulating ideas and structuring them in speech, before writing.

Mathematics involves providing children with a strong grounding in number with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems. They are developing a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, the relationships between them and the patterns within those numbers. The curriculum also includes rich opportunities for children to develop their spatial reasoning skills across all areas of mathematics including shape, space and measures.

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

We use the 'Development Matters in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)' and the Early Years Foundation Stage Statutory Framework to support progress and plan next steps of learning. Both of these documents can be found at the foot of the page.



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